##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Nina C. Heckler David R. Forde

Abstract

“Culture is the realm of human freedom—its constraints and impossibilities are the boundaries within which we can create and innovate†(Crouch 2008:35). How are general American cultural values related to the actual functioning of a particular social system such as a Christian university? More specifically, how is the pervasive problem of plagiarism in American higher education conceptualized by students on a Christian campus? Which values influence the practice or absence of plagiarism? These questions are addressed by surveying 148 students at a university affiliated with the Southern Baptist Convention. The results indicate that Christian college students are very able to define plagiarism accurately. Justifications for plagiarizing among Christian college students center on their own failings rather than faculty or college culture. The overall finding is that Christian students not only know what plagiarism is, but they also know how external cultural values push them into practicing it. As Christian universities increase worldwide, Christian educators and students should not feel pressured by American cultural values to compromise and plagiarize, but rather to feel empowered to be counter-cultural agents of change.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

plagiarism, Christian college students, American cultural values

##article.references##
Bellah, Robert. 1991. Beyond Belief: Essays on Religion in a Post-Traditionalist World. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Berger, Peter. 1967. The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion. New York: Anchor Books.

Berger, Peter, and Thomas Luckmann. 1966. The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. New York: Anchor Books.

Bernardi, R. A., A Baca, K. Landers and M. Witek. 2008. “Methods of Cheating and Deterrents to Classroom Cheating: An International Study.” Ethics and Behavior 18(4):373-391.

Colson, Charles. 1999. How Shall We Live? Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.

Crouch, Andy. 2008. Culture Making: Recovering Our Creative Calling. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Books.

East, Julianna. 2010. “Judging Plagiarism: A Problem of Morality and Convention.” Higher Education 59:69-83.

Gilmore, Barry. 2008. Plagiarism: Why It Happens, How to Prevent It. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Glanzer, Perry L. 2003. “Did Moral Education Establishment Kill Character? An Autopsy of the Death of Character.” Journal of Moral Education 32(3):291-306.

Glanzer, Perry L., Joel Carpenter and Nick Lantinga. 2010. “Looking for God in the University: Examining Trends in Christian Higher Education.” Higher Education 61:721-735.

Heckler, Nina C., and David R. Forde. 2015. “The Role of Cultural Values in Plagiarism in Higher Education.” Journal of Academic Ethics 13:61–75.

Hitlin, Steven, and Jane Allyn Piliavin. 2004. “Values: Reviving a Dormant Concept.” Annual Review of Sociology 30:359-393.

Jonnson, Anna-Carin, and Kennert Orlenius. 2013. “Plagiarism in Higher Education: A Question of Moral Development or Sociocultural Influence of Discipline.” Journal of Education 1(8):194-204.

Keller, Timothy. 2014. Prayer: Experiencing Awe and Intimacy with God. New York: Penguin Group.

Kuntz, Joana R. C., and Chandele Butler. 2014. “Exploring Individual and Contextual Antecedents of Attitudes toward Acceptability of Cheating and Plagiarism.” Ethics and Behavior 24(6):478-494.

Lewis, C. S. 1965. “Learning in War-time.” In The Weight of Glory and Other Addresses. Grand Rapids, MI: William. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Macionis, John J. 2009. Society: The Basics 10th ed.. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

Meyers, Ken. 1994. Christianity, Culture, and Common Grace. Charlottesville, VA: Mars Hill.

Milliron, Valerie and Kent Sandoe. 2008. “The Net Generation Cheating Challenge.” Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 4(7). Retrieved March 14, 2016 (http://innovateonline.info/pdf/vol4_issue6/The__Net_Generation_Cheating_Challenge .pdf).

Niebuhr, Helmut Richard. 1951. Christ and Culture. New York: Harper and Row.

Sutherland-Smith, Wendy. 2008. Plagiarism, The Internet, and Student Learning. New York: Routledge.

Williams, Robin Murphy, Jr. 1970. American Society: A Sociological Interpretation 3rd ed. New York, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
Section
Articles